In today’s global economy here is what is scarce:

  1. Quality land and natural resources

  2. Intellectual property, or good ideas about what should be produced.

  3. Quality labor with unique skills

Here is what is not scarce these days:

  1. Unskilled labor, as more countries join the global economy

  2. Money in the bank or held in government securities, which you can think of as simple capital, not attached to any special ownership rights (we know there is a lot of it because it has been earning zero or negative real rates of return)

  • Tyler Cowen


January 1, 2020